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Species: Camponotus pennsylvanicus   (De Geer, 1773) 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Formica pensylvanica De Geer, 1773 PDF: 603, pl. 31, figs. 9, 10 (s.w.q.m.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Spelling justifiably emended to Camponotus pennsylvanica: Buckley, 1866 PDF: 155.].
Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 666; in Camponotus (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a PDF: 266.

Taxon Page Images:

The eastern black carpenter ant Camponotus pennsylvanicus (Urbana, Illinois).
Image copyright Alex Wild.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: South Africa
    Americas: Canada, United States
    Europe: Greece
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Nearctic, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC: USA (MA) Southern Canada S. to Gulf Coast States (excluding pennisular Florida) W. to central TX and N. to Dakota


Woodland, forest (including floodplain forest canopy), parks, campuses. Nests in dead wood of living trees. Forages on trees and on ground day and night, more abundantly at night.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 15 times found in deciduous forest, 0 times found in peripheral to cultivated cotton, 0 times found in mixed mesic forest ravine, 29 times found in mixed hardwood forest, 5 times found in mixed forest, 0 times found in in swamp, 6 times found in oak area, 10 times found in bottomland hardwood forest, 13 times found in Quercus alba stump, 12 times found in oak-hickory forest, Black Belt Prairie, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times on silver poplar tree (Populus alba), 2 times under bark of log, 7 times log stage 4, 7 times log stage 3, 5 times litter, 3 times strays, 5 times log stage 2, 2 times hardwood trees, 1 times nests under bark of dead and down tree, 1 times nest under rock, 3 times under log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 31 times pitfall trap, 3 times Lindgren funnel baited with Typosan and alpha pinene, 27 times bait trap, 12 times Lindgren funnel, 0 times malaise trap, 2 times Lindgren funnel baited with Typosan, 17 times Search, 2 times blacklight trap, 16 times direct collection, 7 times hand collecting, 7 times Lindgren funnel baited with alpha pinene, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 3200 meters, 498 meters average

Type specimens:

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