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Species: Camponotus cruentatus   (Latreille, 1802) 

Classification:
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See Also:

Camponotus cruentatus asper

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica cruentata Latreille, 1802a: 116, pl. 3, fig. 10 (w.) "L'HABITATION EST INCONNUE. JE SOUPçONNE QU'ELLE EST D'AFRIQUE.". Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Distribution is Mediterranean.].
Roger, 1862b PDF: 255 (q.m.); Emery, 1916a PDF: 230 (s.).
Senior synonym of Camponotus opaca and material of the unavailable name Camponotus bucephala referred here: Roger, 1859 PDF: 228; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36.
Senior synonym of Camponotus gigas Leach, [no year]: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 227; of Camponotus cruentior, Camponotus lindbergi: Cagniant, 1991b PDF: 51.
Current subspecies: nominal plus Camponotus cruentatus asper.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Morocco
    Europe: France, Portugal, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76

Camponotus cruentatusHNS,

variété un peu plus terne que la forme du midi de la France, avec la tête des [[worker]] major un peu plus rétrécie à ses angles postérieurs. Bois de chênes des montagnes des environs de Souk-Ahras vers 1400 mètres, sous les pierres.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Q. ilex+C. siliqua, 4 times found in Encinar, 2 times found in Pinar, 1 times found in Pinus halepensis Forest, 1 times found in jaral, 1 times found in Jardín desatendido, gramíneas secas, etc, 2 times found in Mediterranean forest (Quercus pyrenaea, Pinus, Castanea sativa, etc.), 1 times found in Robledal de Quercus pyrenaica aclarado con prados, 2 times found in Rural, 1 times found in Camino entre jaras, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 7 times Foraging, 2 times nbp, 4 times foraging on the ground, 1 times Piscina, flotando, 1 times nido suelo, 2 times Nido, 1 times Forrajeando al borde del camino, 1 times under stone, 1 times Trepando sabina, 1 times Sobre pino, 1 times Seulo acera, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 25 times Hand, 9 times search, 2 times Pitfall, 2 times Net.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1750 meters, 778 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus cruentatus cruentior: casent0911763, casent0911764; syntype of Camponotus cruentatus lindbergi: casent0911765, casent0911766



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