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|Combination in Camponotus (Myrmoturba): Emery, 1914f PDF: 424; in Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925d PDF: 94.|
|Subspecies of Camponotus irritans: Emery, 1920d 10.5281/zenodo.25547 PDF: 7; Karavaiev, 1933a PDF: 316.|
In Fiji: Camponotus chloroticus is a Melanesian member of the C. maculatus group. The C. maculatus group includes a wide diversity of poorly studied forms from the Old World that have been variously referred to as species, subspecies, varieties and races (McArthur & Leys, 2006). It is uncertain which species Mann (1921) refers to, as he listed his original Fiji material as belonging to an unnamed variety of C. maculatus subsp. pallidus F. Smith. Although Mann described the specimens as being, "exceedingly close to, if not identical with var. samoaensis Santschi," he did not formally list them under that name. Wilson and Taylor (1967: 93) placed Santschi's material (samoaensis is an unavailable name because of its infrasubspecific status) under C. chloroticus Emery. Suffice it to say, whatever the true identity of this species, it is widespread across the Pacific and is in need of significant revision. Without a thorough review of the maculatus group across the Pacific, it is difficult to say whether pallidus, chloroticus or another of the myriad available names most appropriately applies to Fijian material.
There is some variation of this species across the archipelago with respect to size and color, but none of the specimens examined match the descriptions of its presumably close Pacific relatives, the darker headed C. navigator Wilson & Taylor or C. variegatus Fr. Smith with its more banded gaster. The species was collected most frequently in the smaller islands and the coastal sections of the larger islands. Colonies were found nesting in dead branches, in live mangroves, and under tree bark.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 9 times found in Pandanus & Casaurina forest, 9 times found in secondary forest, 30pm Males & alate females in various cavities/nooks; overcast, about to rain times found in Camponotus nest in coconut palm in Park - ~5, 1 times found in Davis-sifting birds-nest ferns + incidental collections; Solitary queen camponotus chloroticus alone in 1st birdsnest fern (same one as I got the small, dark pheidole from) C. chloroticus nest +males, 1 times found in forest fragment, 1 times found in human settlement, 1 times found in PB & Maple syrup baits, incidental collections, also around �benjo' buildings out back., 1 times found in incidental collections on veg. & leaf litter, nr. south end of island. Basalt rock, strand veg; lots of Cocos, 1 times found in Davis-sifting for about 1 hr, 5-6pm, fairly healthy forest; big phicus, birdsnest ferns, Neisosperma, not so many Anoplolepis as on the S. side, but still a lot. some nest in birdsnest fern roots, 1 times found in nr. giant cycad - incidental collections, big yellow camponotus (cf. chloroticus?) from nest nr top of cycad, pheidole from nest under rock, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 66 times malaise trap, 30pm Males and alate females in various cavities/nooks; overcast, about to rain times Camponotus nest in coconut palm in Park - ~5, 1 times Davis-sifting birds-nest ferns + incidental collections; Solitary queen camponotus chloroticus alone in 1st birdsnest fern (same one as I got the small, dark pheidole from) C. chloroticus nest +males, 1 times Nesting in live mangrove, 1 times nest in tree trunk, 1 times Camponotus nest ~ waist height in dead branch of live tree, 1 times also around dbenjo' buildings out back., 1 times near giant cycad - incidental collections, big yellow camponotus (cf. chloroticus?) from nest nr top of cycad, pheidole from nest under rock, 1 times incidental collections on veg. and leaf litter, near south end of island. Basalt rock, strand veg; lots of Cocos, 1 times collected the orchids here, almost a monoculture of Neisosperma, 1 times on first rise near road, still plenty of Anoplolepis; collected for ~1hr., ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 66 times M, 14 times Davis sifting>hand collected|aspirator, 10 times hand collected|aspirator, 3 times H, 4 times hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, maple syrup, 2 times hand, 3 times hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, 1 times Davis sifting>hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, 2 times hand collected, 1 times hand collection, 1 times at night at light, ...
Elevations: collected from 1 - 800 meters, 122 meters average
Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus chloroticus: casent0905334; syntype of Camponotus irritans chlorogaster: casent0905337, casent0911924, casent0911925; syntype of Camponotus maculatus pallidus samoaensis: casent0911926; syntype of Camponotus maculatus sanctaecrucis: casent0903571, casent0903572, casent0905843