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Camponotus bryani is endemic to Fiji and a close relative of C. dentatus. The most distinguishing features of this species are the long, narrow, low and smooth petiole together with the smooth and shiny metapleuron and sides of the propodeum. The most obvious difference between C. bryani and Camponotus sp. FJ02 is the bicolored appearance of the former and the uniform black appearance of the latter. Camponotus bryani differs from C. manni by the possession of suberect hairs on the sides of the propodeum and petiole. Camponotus bryani is separated from Camponotus sp. FJ03 by the petiolar node, which is longer than broad in the former and broader than long in the latter, and by the network of rugulae on the face which is coarser and more regular. Camponotus bryani is quite similar to C. umbratilis, but the former is smooth and shiny on the metapleuron and sides of the propodeum, whereas those of the latter are strongly sculptured.
The species was described by Santschi (1928) from specimens collected by the Bishop Museum entomologist, E. H. Bryan Jr., during the 1924 Whitney South Seas Expedition. It is known from the mountains surrounding Fiji's capital city, Suva, on eastern Viti Levu. The few specimens collected during the recent survey were obtained by hand collection and litter sifting.
Santschi, F. (1928) Fourmis des iles Fidji. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 35, 67-74.