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Species: Brachymyrmex aphidicola   Forel, 1909 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Brachymyrmex heeri var. aphidicola Forel, 1909a PDF: 263 (w.) PARAGUAY. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1912j PDF: 62 (q.).
Raised to species and senior synonym of Brachymyrmex fallax: Wild, 2007B PDF: 43.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Paraguay
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Paraguay: Amambay, Boquerón, Canindeyú, Central, Concepción, Cordillera, Itapúa, Pte. Hayes

Biology:

Longino notes from Costa Rica: I have relatively few observations of this species. At La Selva Biological Station, it occurred in only 1 of 51 Project ALAS fogging samples, but I collected it by hand twice in tree canopies, once in a Pentaclethra and once in a Terminalia. I also collected it in a Winkler sample of forest floor leaf litter from Hitoy Cerere. I collected a nest in the Santa Marta area of Colombia, in a 9mm diameter dead stick.

This concept of aphidicola matched Panamanian specimens sent to me by Ralph Saporito, and reported in a study of alkaloidal toxins of dendrobatid frogs (Saporito et al. 2004).

Comments:

Identified as B. longicornis by Longino prior to Jan 2019.

References:

Saporito, R. A., H. M. Garraffo, M. A. Donnelly, A. L. Edwards, J. T. Longino, and J. W. Daly. 2004. Formicine ants: An arthropod source for the pumiliotoxin alkaloids of dendrobatid poison frogs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 101:8045-8050.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in Sura 700m, 1 times found in riparian forest edge, 2 times found in tropical rainforest, old second growth, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, 2nd growth, some big trees, 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in Humid subtropical medium forest, 1 times found in La Selva, 1 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in Primary wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times Nest in 9mm dia dead stick., 3 times beating veg., 1 times Sobre Vegetacion, 1 times Pentaclethra across Surá from arboretum. Strays in subcanopy., 1 times ground forager(s), 1 times ex sifted leaf litter and rotten wood, 1 times Ceiba crown, 1 times canopy of Terminalia tree.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times Fogging, 3 times search, 3 times beating, 3 times direct collection, 1 times bait, 1 times Malaise, 1 times Sweeping, 1 times winkler, 1 times Canopy fogging.

Elevations: collected from 50 - 550 meters, 170 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Brachymyrmex aphidicola: usnment00757130



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