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Species: Apterostigma robustum   Emery, 1896 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Apterostigma robustum_cf1, Apterostigma robustum_cf2

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Apterostigma robustum Emery, 1896g PDF: 98, pl. 1, fig. 17 (w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lattke, 1997 PDF: 168 (m.).
Senior synonym of Apterostigma amiae, Apterostigma branneri, Apterostigma constrictum, Apterostigma tic: Weber, 1958d PDF: 249.
See also: Lattke, 1997 PDF: 167.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica (type locality), Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia (Lattke 1997).

Biology:

Natural History:

Apterostigma robustum inhabits wet forest habitats throughout the country, from sea level to 900m elevation. Foragers can be collected both during the day and at night.

Nests are exposed on tree trunks, or more often sheltered in cavities in rotten logs, suspended dead branches, or dead stilt palm roots. When exposed on tree trunks, the form of the nest is very like collare, with a white hyphal sack enveloping the nest. However, the sack is often (always?) covered with a layer of small wood fragments and other debris, which makes it very cryptic. When sheltered in a cavity the sack may be lacking. Nests tend to be larger and contain more workers than collare.

At La Selva Biological Station I observed a nocturnal foraging column leading to a nest. A line of workers was carrying clumps of slimemold(?) fruiting bodies (click here for image). The line extended from a 30cm long patch of these fruiting bodies, 2m across a rotten log, and into a 5cm diameter chamber in the rotten log. The chamber was filled with the fungus garden, which was suspended from the ceiling of the chamber. The garden was fluted and and looked like stalactites. The slimemold fruiting bodies were distributed evenly throughout the garden. The fruiting bodies were pure white, like polished rice, about 5mm long, and extremely delicate. They disintegrated into a milky liquid at the slightest touch.

In the Pe–as Blancas Valley east of Monteverde, I found a nest in a crevice in the undersurface of a rotten log, about 2m high. The nest had an outer covering of accreted particles of rotten wood, in the same shape as a typical Apterostigma collare nest. The collection contained a single bit of insect chitin (a beetle pronotum?) along with wood debris.

I have twice found small founding colonies; both were monogynous. One was under an epiphyte mat in an old treefall, and one was under loose bark on a rotten log.

References:

Emery, C. 1896. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 28:33-107.

Lattke, J. E. 1997. Revisi—n del gŽnero Apterostigma Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Arq. Zool. (S‹o Paulo) 34:121-221.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Emery, C., 1896, Studi sulle formiche della fauna Neotropica., Bollettino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 28, pp. 33-107

Apterostigma robustumHNS n. sp. fig. 17.

[[ worker ]] Capo allungato, coi lati subparallela ritondato posteriormente e prolungato indietro in un breve collo cilindrico, troncato, senza margine dilatato; la superficie del capo e priva di tubercoli, e i peli ritti nascono da piccoli punti. Le mandibole sono finamente striate; le lamine frontali formano larghi lobi rotondi ma si prolungano poco dietro di questi, molto meno che in tutte le specie finora note; gli occhi sono fortemente convessi; le antenne robuste, con lo scapo grosso, il l. ° articolo del flagello un poco meno lungo dei 3 seguenti presi insieme, questi un poco meno lunghi che grossi. Il torace e mediocremente robusto, le carene del mesonoto poco elevate, il metanoto debolmente solcato; come sul capo, non vi sono tubercoli alia base dei peli. Veduto di sopra, il 1. ° segmento del peduncolo e trapezoide, allungato, meno di due volte lungo quanto e largo, i suoi lati convergono in avanti, ed e piu fortemente ristretto innanzi alle stigme le quali si trovano verso il 1 / 3 anteriore; il 2.0 segmento e poco piu largo che lungo, coi lati quasi dritti e fortemente divergenti fino oltre la meta, arcuati indietro, segnato di debole depressione dorsale. Tutto 1 ' addome col peduncolo e cosperso di tubercoli minutissimi che appariscono come punti scuri e portano peli lunghi e sottili poco inclinati. Colore e pubescenza come nelle altre specie; peli ritti lunghi, sottili e abbondanti, quelli delle tibie poco curvati alia base, fortemente staccati. L. 6 mm.

Jimenez. Costa Rica. Un solo esemplare; facile a riconoscere per la grandezza e per la forma del capo e del peduncolo.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in cloud forest edge, 5 times found in mature wet forest, 4 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in river house clearing, 1 times found in SSO & LOC, 2 times found in Plateau, 1 times found in 1º tropical rainforest, 1 times found in mature and second growth wet forest, 1 times found in tropical wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in dead Cecropia trunk, 4 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times rotting tree branch, 1 times in fungus nest, 1 times wet forest, 2 times strays, 1 times OTS 92-3 field problem on Apterostigma. Nest 118cm above ground, nest 43x21mm., 1 times nest under wood over stream, 2 times Leaf litter, 2 times Hojarasca, 2 times at bait, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 17 times Search, 3 times miniWinkler, 2 times Winkler, 2 times Mini Winkler, 1 times Berlese, 1 times Observation, 1 times Pitfall72h, 1 times Sweeping, 1 times Winkler48h, 1 times baiting.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1110 meters, 409 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Apterostigma robustum: casent0904977; syntype robustum?: jtl055849



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