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Species: Aphaenogaster rudis   Enzmann, 1947 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Aphaenogaster rudis_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Aphaenogaster fulva var. rudis Enzmann, 1947b PDF: 150 (w.q.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[First available use of Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) fulvum subsp. aquia var. rude Emery, 1895d PDF: 305 (w.q.) U.S.A (District of Columbia, Virginia, North Carolina); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.].
[Type-locality designated as Virginia by Creighton, 1950a PDF: : 148.].
Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 392 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953b: 56 (l.); Crozier, 1970a PDF: 125 (k.).{r.
Combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma: ): Emery, 1921c: 57.
As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Wheeler, 1904e PDF: 303; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 565; Wheeler, 1917a PDF: 517; Emery, 1921c: 57; Dennis, 1938 PDF: 287.
Subspecies of Aphaenogaster fulva: : Enzmann, 1947b PDF: : 150 (in key); Smith, 1951c PDF: 796.
Subspecies of Aphaenogaster picea: Bolton, 1995b: 72; Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 77. [Note: Aphaenogaster picea was made available earlier than Aphaenogaster rudis; hence Aphaenogaster picea has priority (Bolton, 1995b: 72).].
Status as species: Creighton, 1950a PDF: 147; Smith, 1958c PDF: 118; Carter, 1962a PDF: 6 (in list); Smith, 1967a PDF: 352; Francoeur, 1977b PDF: 207; Smith, 1979: 1362; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: : 36 (in key); DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 137; Umphrey, 1996 PDF: 558 (in key); Coovert, 2005: 49; MacGown & Forster, 2005 PDF: 71; Ellison et al., 2012: 231; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: : 389 (redescription).

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC: USA (MA)

Biology:

Habitat: A. rudis is locally common to very abundant in thickets, remnant and mature second-growth, mesic woodlands and forest. It also nests in prairie oak groves and occasionally extends into prairie areas where populations of this ant abound in adjacent woodland. A. rudis may occur in large urban parks, campuses and cemeteries with groves of shrubs or. It nests in soil, in the root-zone of bunch-forming sedges and grasses, beneath rocks and in decomposed wood, even in old cans and other trash discarded in the woods. It commonly nests inside wood fallen wood that is in the mid to latter stages of decomposition and in the duff between large vines and the base of supporting trees.

Natural History: See account for A. fulva -- I am unable to say any thing that clearly distinguishes this ant from A. fulva behaviorally, but ecologically, it may be more restricted to mesic sites.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in under bark & decaying wood, 11 times found in on sand dunes, 10 times found in Beech-maple forest, 6 times found in mixed hardwood forest, 5 times found in mixed deciduous forest, 4 times found in pasture, 1 times found in riparian mixed hardwood forest, 0 times found in rest area, 2 times found in mesophytic ravine, 2 times found in Mixed canyon forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 12 times under rock, 8 times log stage 4, 7 times log stage 5, 1 times nests under bark of dead and down tree, 3 times under wood, 3 times log stage 3, 2 times ground foragers, 2 times under stone, 2 times rotting log, 1 times ground forager, 1 times formica mound in grass prairre, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 11 times general collecting, 4 times direct collection, 1 times hand collecting, 4 times pitfall trap, 2 times search, 1 times Berlese, 1 times hand collected.

Elevations: collected from 15 - 2134 meters, 584 meters average

Type specimens:



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