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Species: Anochetus bispinosus   (Smith, 1858) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Odontomachus bispinosus Smith, 1858a PDF: 199 (w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Stenomyrmex: Mayr, 1886c PDF: 361; in Anochetus: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 47.
See also: Brown, 1976a: 103.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Nicaragua, Peru, Suriname
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia. Costa Rica: Atlantic lowland rainforest.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species is extremely rare and nothing is known of its biology. Brown (1978) reported museum specimens from scattered localities in South America, stating it was relatively rare in collections. Three workers are known from Costa Rica, all from one fogging sample. The specimens came from one of the Project ALAS fogging samples, a Minquartia guianensis tree (Olacaceae), from La Selva Biological Station in the Atlantic lowlands.

It is curious how a species, especially one this large, can be so rare in collections. In spite of much myrmecological work in Central America in the past century, and an intensive inventory of ants at La Selva, only the three workers have been encountered. Over 50 trees have been fogged at La Selva, and A. bispinosus occurred in only one. Perhaps there is some aspect of its nesting biology that makes it difficult to sample.

References:

Brown, W. L., Jr. 1978. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography. Studia Entomol. 20:549-652.

Smith, F. 1858. Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. 6. Formicidae. , London. 216 pp.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Anochetus bispinosus   Brown, WL Jr.,, 1978, Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography., Studia Entomologica 20, pp. 549-638: 565, (download) 565 6757
Anochetus bispinosus   Brown, WL Jr.,, 1978, Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography., Studia Entomologica 20, pp. 549-638: 612, (download) 612 6757

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in lowland wet forest, 2 times found in tropical wet forest, 1 times found in successional vegetation.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times canopy fogging, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 times beating vegetation, 1 times in tree.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times search, 1 times fogging, 1 times Malaise, 1 times beating, 1 times hand collected.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 750 meters, 250 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Anochetus bispinosus: casent0902432



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