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Species: Acromyrmex echinatior   (Forel, 1899) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Atta (Acromyrmex) octospinosa var. echinatior Forel, 1899d PDF: 34 (w.q.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Acromyrmex: Emery, 1924f PDF: 350.
Raised to species: Schultz et al., 1998 PDF: 460.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Mexico to Panama.


Natural History:

In Costa Rica this species prefers open dry habitats such as urban areas around San Jose and seasonally dry habitats of Guanacaste Province. I have records of the species from Santa Rosa National Park, Palo Verde, San Jose, and as far south as Quepos, but I never collected any Acromyrmex in the wet forest of the Osa Peninsula during extensive collecting there in the 1980's.

On the nature trail near the headquarters of Santa Rosa National Park I once observed workers carrying cut flower parts up a tree, suggesting that nests may occasionally be arboreal.

Queens multiply mate, and colonies are facultatively polygynous (Bekkevold et al. 1999).


Bekkevold, D., J. Frydenberg, and J. J. Boomsma. 1999. Multiple mating and facultative polygyny in the Panamanian leafcutter ant Acromyrmex echinatior. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 46:103-109.

Schultz, T. R., D. Bekkevold, and J. J. Boomsma. 1998. Acromyrmex insinuator new species: an incipient social parasite of fungus-growing ants. Insectes Sociaux 45:457-471.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 10 times found in lowland wet forest, 7 times found in tropical rainforest, 6 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 1 times found in oak cloud forest, 3 times found in 2º wet forest, 1 times found in 2nd growth veg., 2 times found in urban area, 1 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 1 times found in coffee finca, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 22 times at bait, 2 times column on ground, 6 times beating vegetation, 5 times Malaise trap, 3 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times foraging column, 1 times Degraded wet forest, pasture edge. Night collecting. Strays on ground, except fo, 2 times white pan trap, 1 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times nest, 1 times Dry forest. Strays. Collecting at night. Odontomachus foraging in leaf litter. P, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 22 times Baiting, 10 times search, 2 times hand collecting, 6 times Beating, 3 times Malaise, 2 times white pan trap, 2 times Malaise trap, 1 times MaxiWinkler, 1 times MiniWinkler, 1 times pit fall, 1 times Winkler, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1700 meters, 482 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Acromyrmex echinatior: casent0909421; paralectotype of Acromyrmex echinatior: casent0909422

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