I have a general question about ant colony size:
Having secured their resources, why does an ant community choose expansion in size, structure and function? I guess that at a certain limit of population size things will start to get more difficult with every increase in contrast with a small population where more workers will make life easier and growth is a healthy thing.
Provided that resources are endless will an ant colony continue to grow or is there a target to be achieved? Will ants limit their population if food is scarce for example?
Grateful for your help,
The size of an ant colony has to do both with the ant species and the availability of resources. With that said, it seems to be genetically determined how big an ant colony can get. Many ant colonies have only one egg-laying queen, while others have several and can reach larger colony sizes. Some species only reach colony sizes of a few hundred workers, whereas others can reach colony sizes of over a million, or several millions (for example leaf cutter ants). On the other hand, an entire ant colony of the genus Temnothorax can nest in a single acorn. However, when resources are scarce, an ant colony might not be able to expand to its full potential size.
Hope this helps,
Arista Tischner & the AntAsk Team